The colorful tales called the 'Arabian Nights' have come down through the centuries. Nobody knows who told them first or where, though they existed as early as the 10th century. Of Middle East origin, the tales have given to the world such interesting heroes or rogues as Sinbad the Sailor, Ali Baba and the story of the 40 thieves, and Aladdin and his magic lamp. The legendary heroine of the tales of the 'Thousand and One Nights' is a girl named Scheherazade. It was said of Scheherazade that she was "learned, prudent, and witty." The tale of Scheherazade is pure fiction. It merely serves to bind the stories together. An ancient Persian book was named 'A Thousand and One Nights'.